The Australian dollar exchange rate has been trending lower in 2019 on the increased expectation that we will in the future see the RBA, Reserve Bank of Australia cut their base interest rate. Numerous commentators have for now many months been commenting that we could soon see the RBA forced to take action against numerous global and domestic factors.
In Australia there has been a growing concern over Inflation levels which the RBA had targetted to see at 2-3% but has been averaging around 1.5%. To boost Inflation levels which are now at close to 10 year lows, the RBA might need to cut interest rates to help provide some stimulus to the economy.
Cutting interest rates by a central bank can do various things which can help an economy to grow. Firstly, it can make the currency cheaper to buy which can help the country to increase exports, thereby improving the economy. Secondly, it makes loans and borrowing less costly which can encourage business and consumers to spend more, thereby increasing economic activity.
The currency becomes less valuable from the cutting of interest rates in a similar fashion to the way a lower or higher rate of interest makes a particular savings account more or less attractive.
Interest rates are of importance on the Australian dollar and are a major factor in determining the relative strength or weakness of the currency. There is a growing expectation that we could in the future see the RBA cut rates which will see the currency weaker.
It is not just the domestic issues of a sluggish economy, it is also the ongoing uncertainty surrounding the more global problems and concerns which are relating to the economic outlook on global trade.
A key example is the ongoing Trade Wars and spat between China and also the US, this has seen global trade drop and with China being such a key partner to Australia, could continue to be a major factor.
With such global pressures on trade continuing, as evidenced by the United States Federal Reserve stating they will not be raising interest rates as soon as many thought earlier this year, the Australian dollar might continue to suffer from weakness, as it responds to continuing and ever-changing global shifts.